Test your actions by asking yourself: are you not doing evil, inconvenience to people?

What are the universal norms of morality that we reveal to children as the alphabet of moral culture, as the primary school of citizenship?

You live among people. Do not forget that your every action, your every desire is affected by the people around you. Know that there is a line between what you want and what you can. Test your actions by asking yourself: are you not doing evil, inconvenience to people? Do everything so that the people around you were well. Explaining this moral teaching, we show by examples how to behave among people: you want something, think about whether you will cause trouble to people by doing as you wish. For example, roses are blooming in the alley, and you wanted to pluck a flower. Think what will happen if each student satisfies the same desire. The flowering bush will turn into a bare twig.

The child’s heart is too sensitive to instilling these thoughts, the child’s soul is deeply moved by the joy of doing good for people. If such moral teaching is supported by good instructions, motivations for good deeds for people, the inner spiritual forces that limit desires and cranks are established in the heart from an early age. And this is very important for the formation of civic decency.

He who as a child sees only himself and does not see people, is guided only by his desires and does not want to recognize the interests of the team, he grows up selfish, selfish. Being able to control your desires is an elementary rule, the first line of the first page of the primer of moral behavior. A loud, eloquent phrase about morality is incomprehensible to a child. The least of these phrases, the most careful polishing of human actions – honing the habits that are formed.

You enjoy the benefits created by other people. People give you the happiness of childhood. Pay them good for it.

First of all, the child will realize that he is a citizen of his society and that it imposes great responsibilities on him, he must learn to pay good for good, his conscience should not allow him to be only a consumer of goods and joys. And we tell our children: "At a quiet dawn, when you are still asleep, milkmaids have been working on the farm for a long time – they prepare fresh, nutritious milk for you. The chef lights the stove in the school kitchen so that you have a delicious breakfast. The miner goes down to the mine, to the pit and mines coal there, so that the classroom where you study is warm. In the cold and frost, the tractor driver goes to the field to feed the cows whose milk you drink. Your parents went to work so that you had clothes and shoes so that you could enjoy the sun and the blue sky. You are generously given all kinds of benefits, but good is also expected of you"…

We teach children how to do good to people. We say: "Here is a resting place for livestock farmers on the farm. Let’s plant here, children, bushes of roses and lilacs, let it be a place of beauty and joy for our mothers and sisters"… And when the little ones start planting trees and then take care of them, this work gives them a lot of joy, because it is inspired by noble feelings.

From one good deed children pass to the second, then to the third; we lead them as steps of moral culture. And children experience the sincere joy of being able to do good for people. I repeat, this feeling can be established in a person’s heart only when she has experienced it many times in childhood.

All the benefits and joys of life are created by work. You can’t live honestly without work. The people teach: he who does not work does not eat. Remember this commandment forever. The idler, the parasite, is a drone that devours the honey of industrious bees. Studying is your first job. Going to school, you go to work.

In order to establish in children the habit of work, to bring up in them real diligence – as the first civic duty, we have created in school the atmosphere of work and strict intolerance to laziness, carelessness, idleness, negligence. The little idler is the living root of parasitism and parasitism. It is impossible to allow small idlers in society.; The child can understand the truth that life without work is impossible only when he lives in a team with the joys of work, and these joys are incomparable. By exerting his strength, a person does not do what he wants, but what he needs, and finally, experiencing the joy of what has been done for people, he wants to do what is necessary for the common good.

Already at the age of seven or eight, our children are planting small gardens and vineyards, turning wastelands into flowering corners. We make sure that at the age of 12-13 teenagers already see the garden created by their hands – this is the source of the joy of work. Since childhood, they feel like workers. Each of them in the years of adolescence and early adolescence sees in the results of his work, as in a mirror, himself – his skill, willpower, thought, perseverance, and in his heart he has a feeling: it is impossible to live without work. Passing on to others, affirmation in the minds of diligence – a deeply individual process. Therefore, we make sure that each student already in childhood embodies the power of his soul, destroyed by what he personally did: grow a tree, build a working model of a machine for the office. If this was not achieved in childhood, to begin such education in adolescence and early adolescence is a thousand times harder. The alphabet of morality is learned in childhood.

Be kind and sensitive to people. Help the weak and defenseless. Help a friend in need. Don’t annoy people. Respect and honor your mother and father – they gave you life, they raise you, they want you to become an honest citizen, a person with a good heart and a pure soul.

To affirm in each person kindness, cordiality, sensitivity, readiness to come to the aid of others, sensitivity to all living and beautiful – the elementary, alphabetical truth of school education, from this truth the school begins. Heartlessness breeds indifference, indifference breeds selfishness, and selfishness breeds cruelty. To prevent heartlessness, we raise children in the spirit of heartfelt care, anxiety, concern for the living and the beautiful – about plants, about flowers, about birds, about animals.

A child who takes to heart that in the winter cold the tit is defenseless, and saves it from death, protects the tree, this child will never be cruel, heartless and towards people. Conversely, if a small person breaks, ruthlessly destroys the living, the beautiful, he can become a little tyrant who mocks loved ones. How many such tyrants are there in life … Here is a seven-year-old kid going to school: he does not lace up his shoes, angrily tears the lace, throws his shoes. He wants his mother to be anxious, worried, even crying … And when he brings his mother to tears, he is relieved. This is it "innocent" tyranny, which must be fought tactfully, sensitively, but ruthlessly.

The child must feel that everyone has a heart to take care of, that hurting them is a great calamity. Let the child’s heart worry about the fate of the living and the beautiful; he will then be alien to the corrupt feeling of sweet pleasure at the thought that one’s heart is suffering because of him.

We make sure that every child takes care of flowers and plants, birds and animals, fish in the aquarium. This work sharpens the heart’s sensitivity, awakens the desire to do good. We encourage children to show concern for people, especially for mother and grandmother, for father and grandfather. On the first day of classes, we tell first-graders about how difficult it was for their parents, what a difficult life their grandparents went through. On the same day, the child plants the mother’s apple tree, the grandmother’s apple tree, the father’s apple tree, and the grandfather’s apple tree on the backyard. She takes care of the tree (of course, she often has to be reminded of this, literally holding her hand). The day comes when the fruits ripen on these trees, the child carries them to his family (this must buy compare contrast essay online also be taught, reminded a thousand times).

If you have managed to make these moments the happiest for a child in her life, then you have put moral values ​​in her heart. We do not believe that moral vices are the result of the remnants of capitalism in the mind. Moral vices are also manifested where there is no real upbringing, where a small person grows up as a little idol to whom everything is allowed, or, on the contrary, as a weed – no one teaches him either good or bad. In order not to be bad, you need to teach only the good.

Do not be indifferent to evil. Fight against evil, deception, injustice. Be uncompromising to those who seek to live at the expense of other people, cause harm to other people, rob society.

We see an important task in the education of civil intolerance, activity in the fight against evil, untruth. Children should not be allowed to look silently at waste, laziness, carelessness, inhumanity. But since the bearers of evil are often adults, in educational work in this direction requires great tact, thoughtfulness.

The school has a pioneer post for the protection of greenery. This is one of the centers of civic education. If children see an adult destroying or at least damaging trees, then the fight against evil should not be limited to conversations. It hurts a child’s heart if evil goes unpunished. That is why we want the public to make the person who caused the evil work work – to compensate for the damage caused by it. When children see that good triumphs, they are more enthusiastic about working for society. If a child is outraged by the evil he has seen in life, expresses his indignation, it is good. But she must also be able to do good, to be able to assert good in life by their actions. Otherwise, it can become an empty gossip, demagogue, "detector" that does nothing for the triumph of good and truth.

This is the alphabet of moral culture, mastering which children understand the essence of good and evil, honor and dishonor, justice and injustice. Simultaneously with these alphabetical truths, we gradually reveal to students the essence and such moral values ​​as love for the Motherland, heroism, steadfastness, courage in the struggle for freedom, honor, independence, greatness and power of the Motherland.

The skill and art of education is to reveal these moral values ​​to young hearts in vivid images that captivate the mind and excite the soul, awaken the desire for the moral ideal. Verba docent, exempla trahunt – says a wise Latin proverb (words teach, examples capture).